Juventus is the most successful club in the history of the Italian League Serie A with Have 28 championship (Scudetto), and is also listed as one of the most successful clubs in the world. Referring to the International Federation of Football History & Statistics International, an international organization affiliated with FIFA, Juventus are Italy's best club of the 20th century, and became the second best Italian clubs in Europe in the same time.
Overall, the club has won 52 official championship. With details of 41 in Italy, and 11 in the UEFA Cup and the world. Simultaneously it as the fourth most successful club in Europe and seventh in the world, with world titles six organizations recognized by football confederations and FIFA course.
The club became the first club of Italy and Southern Europe to win the UEFA Cup (now renamed the Europa League). In 1985, Juventus are the only club in the world to win the championship trophy all international and national league championships, and became the first European club to master all UEFA championships in one season.
Juventus also became one of Italian football club with the largest number of fans, and there are an estimated 170 million people in the world who is also a fan of Juve. The club became one of the creators of the idea of the European Club Association, formerly known as the G-14, which contains rich European clubs. The club was also the largest contributor to the player for the Italian national team.
Since 2006 the club is based in Torino Stadio Olimpico, which replaces the previous headquarters Delle Alpi stadium being torn down and rebuilt as a new stadium called Juventus Arena. Official Juventus put their new stadium proficiency level in early September 2011.
1887-1922: The beginning
Juventus was founded with the name Sport Club Juventus in mid-1897 by students from Massimo D'Azeglio Lyceum school in the Liceo D'Azeglio, Turin. The beginning of the formation of this club is on the rebound of the children who befriend each other and spend time for walks together and having fun and doing positive things. Children aged on average 15 years, the oldest was 17 and the other under 15 years old. After that, things may not be a problem now but it is the hardest thing for the boys at that time was looking for a new headquarters. One of the founders Juventus, Enrico Canfari and his friends then decided to look for a location, and finally they found one place is a building that has a courtyard surrounded by a wall, has four rooms, an attic and a canopy as well as drinking water taps. Furthermore, Canfari told about how the election of the club's name, as soon as they find a new headquarters. Finally, it was a meeting to determine the name of the club where there is a heated debate among them. On the one hand, haters Latin name, on the other hand buff the old names and the rest are neutral. Then, it was decided to choose three names; "Societa Via Port", "Massimo D'Azeglio Societa sportive" and "Sport Club Juventus". The last name later chosen without much objection and eventually resmilah their club name to "Sport Club Juventus", but later changed its name to Foot-Ball Club Juventus two years later. The club then joined the Italian Football Championship in 1900. During this period the team wore a pink and black pants. Juventus won Serie A debut in 1905, when they played at the Stadio Motovelodromo Umberto I. At this time the club colors had changed to black and white, inspired by English side Notts County.
In 1906, several players suddenly wants Juve Juve out of Turin. Juve currently President Alfredo Dick was upset and he decided to leave to later formed a rival team called FBC Torino which then makes Juve vs. Torino as the Derby della Mole. Juventus itself apparently still exist despite the split, can even survive after World War I.
1923-1980: The entry of the Agnelli family, and dominated Italian
1981-1993: 20th Scudetto and dominate Europe
1994-2003: Era Marcello Lippi
2004-2011: Caught issues and recovery period
2012-present: Back on track champions
Logo And Collor (jersey)
Juventus have played in black costume and white zebra style since 1903. Originally, Juve played wearing a pink costume, but for some reason, one of the Juve players appeared with a striped dress. Juve finally memutuska to switch costume to the black and white stripes.
Juventus then ask the players who wear the striped shirt, the Englishman named John Savage, if he could contact his friends in England who could supply the costumes Juve with these colors. He then contacted his friend who lived in Nottingham, which became Notts County supporter, to send the black-and-white striped costumes to Turin, and his friend menyanggupinya.
Juventus Football Club's official logo has undergone various changes and modifications since 1920. Last modification was in the 2004-05 season. At which time they changed the logo to be oval, with five vertical lines, and the bull which was formed in a silhouette. Before the 2004-05 season, Juve have a blue symbol (which is another symbol of the city of Turin). In addition it also added two stars who portray them as the only club capable memenagi Serie A title 20 times. While in the 1980's, more Juve logo adorned with the silhouette of a zebra, zebra describes them as a strong team in the Serie-A.
In the course of its history, Juve have had a couple of nicknames, la Vecchia Signora (the Old Lady in English or "Old Lady" in Indonesian) is one example. The word "old" (old) is part of the name of Juventus, which means "youth" (youth) in Latin. The name is taken from the age of the Juventus players who were young in the 1930's. The name "lady" (mistress) is part of the title of the tifoso when calling Juve before the era of the 1930s. The club also earned the nickname la Fidanzata d'Italia (the Girlfriend of Italy in English or "Italian Girlfriend" in Indonesian), because over the past few years, Juve always supplying new players from the area south of Naples or Itala like Palermo, where in addition to play as a football player, they also work for FIAT since the early 1930s. Other names Juve is: I Bianconeri (the black-and-whites, or Si Belang) and Le Zebre (the zebras, or The Zebra) which refers to the color of the costumes Juventus.
After their first two seasons (1897 and 1898), where Juve play in the Parco del Valentino and Parco Cittadella, next matches in the title in the Piazza d'Armi Stadium until 1908, except in 1905 when the name was introduced Scudetto for the first time, and in 1906, where Juventus played in Corso Re Umberto.
From 1909 to 1922, Juventus played in Corso Sebastopoli Camp, and then they moved to Corso Marsiglia Camp where they remained until 1933, winning four league titles. In late 1933 they played at the Stadio Mussolini prepared for the 1934 World Cup. After the Second World War, the stadium was renamed as Stadio Comunale Vittorio Pozzo. Juventus played home games there for 57 years with a total of 890 times as much as the game. Until the end of July 2003 where it is still used as the official time to exercise Juve.
From 1990 until the end of the 2005-06 season, Juve use Delle Alpi stadium, as their cages were originally built for the 1990 World Cup, Juve also occasionally used, such as Renzo Barbera stadium in Palermo, Dino Manuzzi in Cesena and San Siro in Milan.
August 2006 Juve return to play at the Stadio Comunale, now known as Stadio Olimpico, after the Delle Alpi stadium used and then refurbished for the Turin 2006 Winter Olympic Games.
In November 2008 Juventus announced that they will invest around € 100 million to build a new stadium on the site of the old Delle Alpi Stadium. Unlike the Delle Alpi, Juve's new stadium does not include a running track, and the distance between the audience with a pitch of just 8.5 meters, similar to the majority of stadiums in England, where the capacity is estimated to contain 41,000 seats. The work began in spring 2009, and the early start the 2011-12 season the stadium was then used to navigate the new season and the history of Juventus.
Juventus have several major rivals in Italy. First is the club's city rivals, Torino FC, in which each of a derby against Torino always called Derby della Mole (Derby of Turin) started since 1906 in which the punchline Torino was founded by former Juventus player. Rival Juve else in Italy is Internazionale; games vs Juve. Inter dubbed as the Derby d'Italia (Derby of Italy). Until the end of the 2006 season when Juve was thrown into the series-B, Inter and Juve are two teams that have never been relegated to the B-series. The two clubs go into the club with the greatest fans in Italy, since the mid-1990s. Juve also have rivals AC Milan, AS Roma and AC Fiorentina.
As for the European region itself, the main rivals Juventus are Manchester United FC of England and FC Bayern Munich of Germany, both of which are very often met in the Champions League of Europe. One more main rivals Juventus in Europe is Liverpool FC. Special Liverpool, Juve tifosi will never forget the tragedy of Heysel riot 1985 (Champions League final 1985), where about 30 people over Juventus supporters were killed in a stadium located in the Belgian.
Honours and awards
In general, Juventus is the most successful club in Italy by winning the title 43 national titles in Italy, and one of the most successful clubs in the world, with Raihan 11 international titles, which stood at a record nine titles and two UEFA Cup. making them the fourth club success in Europe and the world, where everything has been recognized by UEFA and FIFA for sure, along with the six confederations of world football.
Juventus have won 28 Serie A titles and a record for the most up to date, and also a separate note when Juve dominated five consecutive seasons Serie A seasons from 1930-31 until 1934-35. They have also won the Italian Cup nine times, and a record to date.
Juventus is the only Italian football club who have earned two stars as a sign they have won the Serie A over 20 times. They get the first star on the 1957-58 season when Juventus won the Serie A for the tenth time, and the second in 1981-82 when Juventus won Serie A for the twentieth time. Juventus is also the first Italian club to win the double (Serie A and Coppa Italia) twice, namely in 1959-60 and 1994-95.
Juventus tercatatkan as well as the club's first and only one in the world to win the whole championship titles officially recognized by FIFA, Juventus won the UEFA Cup three times, a record shared with Liverpool and Inter Milan.
Turin club occupies the top position 7-but for the Italian club-in the FIFA Century Club list of 20 that was announced on December 23, 2000.
Juventus also gain status as World's Club Team of the Year twice in 1993 and 1996 to be exact , and rank third in club Throughout his rank (1991-2008) by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics.
- Italian national title
- Lega Calcio Serie A
The second position (20 times): 1903; 1904; 1906; 1937-38; 1945-46; 1946-47; 1952-53; 1953-54; 1962-63; 1973-74; 1975-76; 1979-80; 1982 -83; 1986-87; 1991-92; 1993-94; 1995-96; 1999-00; 2000-01; 2008-09.
- Lega Calcio Serie B
- Italian Cup
Winner of the second (5 times): 1972-73; 1991-92; 2001-02; 2003-04; 2011-12.
- Italian Super Cup
The second Champion (3 times): 1990; 1998; 2005.
- Kremlin Cup
- Degree of Europe and the world
- Cup / Champions League
Champion (3 times): 1984-85, 1995-96, 2012-13.
Winner of the second (5 times): 1972-73; 1982-83; 1996-97; 1997-98; 2002-03
- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Champion (1 time): 1983-84.
- UEFA Cup / Europa League
Champion (3 times): 1976-77, 1989-90, 1992-93.
The first runner (1 time): 1994-95.
- Intertoto Cup
Champion (1 time): 1999-00.
- European Super Cup
Champion (2 times): 1984, 1996.
- Toyota Intercontinental Cup
Champion (2 times): 1985, 1996.
The first runner (1 time): 1973.